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Old 21st Jul 2005, 16:35   #1
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Default Michael Foot's 92nd Birthday

Wasn't entirely sure where to put this, but since he is a politician and a proportion of the article concerns a political biography, here it goes, for no more reason really than I found it engaging and interesting.

Happy 92nd birthday, Michael

As Michael Foot prepares to celebrate this weekend, Brian Brivati pays tribute to a friend whose many gifts include not just books but lessons in life

Thursday July 21, 2005
The Guardian

There are two sure signs you are in love with someone. You spend idle moments imagining gifts you could buy them. You want to punch anyone who puts them down. I confess to having had both these feelings about my friend Michael Foot. The person I wanted to punch had asked why we should care about someone who looks like they have had a reverse lobotomy. To understand why we should care about him, why we will always care about him and why we should punch people like Tony Parsons who say things like that, I want to think about the giving of gifts.

Aside from politics, people, dogs, whisky and Plymouth Argyle, the only things that seem to matter to Michael are books. Anyone who cared about food would have stopped eating at the Gay Hussar in Soho decades ago. It is best not to mention his dress sense. Jill, his late wife, taught him all he knows about art and, I suspect, music. But words are his domain.
He writes his name in pencil in all his books. He puts in the date, and if it is interesting the place he first read the book and on each re-reading he writes in the book again. He likes reading books in places that are appropriate to them. He underlines, comments, inscribes and consumes books - all habits learned from his father Isaac, whose collected writing he is editing for publication. "Read every damn word, the whole lot," is a characteristic phrase.

When he gives you a book, he writes in it, often at length. Most of the gifts he has given me over the past 10 years have been books, or conversations about books or politics or my kids - especially the fact that my son could wear long trousers at the age of three - "Look at that, huh, we couldn't wear them for years."

Sometimes I have been treated to a monologue, but I usually get a word in. Our friendship has been an extended seminar featuring an amazing set of introductions, with the occasional lecture full of instructions about what to read and how to read it. We have been joined along the way by Byron, Hazlitt, Heine, Swift, Montaigne, Sterne and all the rest.

It began with Bevan and the battle of the abridgement. Sean Magee, a London publishing institution, was at the time commissioning editor of Victor Gollancz and wanted to bring out a single volume edition of Michael's two-volume life of Nye Bevan - a book many have described as the greatest political biography of the age. As a sustained piece of celebratory life writing, it is matchless. The problem is that it is sustained for rather too long for contemporary taste - 1,400 pages. I had written to Foot during my PhD for an interview, but he never replied. I had spoken to him only once. Needing permission to quote from Richard Crossman, I called Foot as executor. "How did you get this number?" It was Jill in Amazonian mode. "Urrr ... Peter Hennessy gave it to me." "Well, I wish he bloody well wouldn't do that ... hold on ... MICHAEL!"

Michael gave the permission straight away. "Did Jill shout at you?" He was laughing and then he rang off. Sean now introduced us. I decided to go on the offensive: "You never replied when I wrote to you as a student and your wife shouted at me over the phone."

"What? I always reply to letters, are you sure? Jill? Shouted? Huh." Then: "Bloody good book you wrote about Gaitskell. Got the Nye bits right."

"Would have been even better if you had given me an interview."

"What ... " Then a big laugh which seemed to say: "He'll do."

My job was to cut the book in half. "Butcher the bloody thing," was Michael's opening shot, which set the tone. He fought every cut - "vandals", "brutes" - with Jill occasionally coming over to make the peace and check that I was OK. He tried to sneak sections back in again after we had agreed to cut them. (Though he now denies this.) In the end, we got it down to 650 pages. We had to cut all the epigrams from chapter heads. Ten years later, when signing a book for one of my students, he copied the opening epigram back in, muttering, "Always better with epigrams," still fighting for his words, with his words. It has been a huge privilege to work on three books with Michael, and in that time his gifts have not just been books but lessons about life.

The gifts of how to live that one gets from knowing him are first, how to be, then how to read, and finally, the importance of being yourself. The first way he teaches you how to be yourself is in his political philosophy and attitude to the sanctity of humanity. He is not a pacifist, but he puts humanity first. Giving is his natural way of being and it is infectious as a way to live. The second way is by personal example, by the way in which he has stayed himself. The makeover, reinvention, therapeutic culture we inhabit hit a granite sense of self when it came up against Michael Foot. It is shattered by his canon of ideas, writers and values. In a world in which people struggling to be individual end up being more and more like each other, he has managed to stay himself. He teaches us that it is essential to be ourselves, no matter what the world says. This is a self in which the needs of others are as important as the need to be me. It is socialist, but libertarian socialism of a utopian kind which sits more easily with his long commitment to freedoms of expression and lifestyle than with his abiding respect for trade-union restrictive practices and closed shops.

Nye Bevan used to say: here is my truth, now show me yours. This is what Michael pretends to believe. But when it comes to literature and ideas he does not really think there is another point of view worth hearing about his heroes, or a real alternative to his own position. He is the antithesis of postmodernism because he loves the words themselves and is prepared to judge them. Michael keeps the words in their place. Words are not masters of our fate but we must respect them, think them through carefully, turn them over the tongue and feel them through the heart.

Words are also his weapons of choice, more powerful than virtually anything else. His view is that if something appears in a newspaper it matters, that the world has changed and moved on. That there is a public conversation and debate that is sufficiently closely observed that a well-placed article can change its terms. In all of this, the words are central: words for love but also sometimes for hate.

Like anyone in love, I cannot understand why everyone cannot see how perfect he is. I am amazed that there are still many people who hate him. There seem to be few left who he seems to hate but he does have an instinctive, guttural, anti-Toryism that contrasts with his love of humanity. Perhaps this comes from growing up in a Liberal household in which, after his father lost his seat to Lady Astor in 1910, they used to sing:

Who's that knocking at the door?

Who's that knocking at the door?

If it's Astor and his wife, we'll stab 'em

with a knife

And they won't be Tories any more.

In turn, middle class, white English people of a certain kind can become quite vexed on the subject of Michael's politics, even as they admit to now liking Tony Benn. This is in part the tribal sectarianism of British politics. Michael has always been entirely loyal to the Labour tribe; Benn's politics left the party decades before he retired. Foot is still inside Labour fighting his corner. They cannot forgive him for that.

Birthdays for 92-year-olds cannot avoid the subject of death. There is the physical evidence of preparation. Whenever Jill worried about money, Michael used to say, it will be OK, we'll sell some books. Each time I go around, there are more books in piles, new books, revisited books, books for review in the pages of his beloved Tribune, piles of his own books for giving to visitors, but there are also more and more spaces on the shelves as sets of books are given away. A life library is being broken up and disbursed so that the books can have new lives in new hands, but it is a sad sight nevertheless.

The whole lot and the wonderful house they sit in should be bought for the nation and preserved as a monument to one of the great political and literary lives of the past hundred years. I am sure Brown's Treasury could spare the cash. When Michael reads this last sentence he will snort: "Bollocks." Not his most eloquent debating phrase, as his late nephew Paul Foot used to comment, but often his most effective.

Happy birthday, Michael.
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